Category Archives: Food

Produce, diary, meat, all kinds of food!

Signs of Botulism in Canned Food

When I was in high school… yes, we’re going back to the stone age again… all the girls took home ec.  The boys were more apt to be in shop or something.  I think that’s changed these days and some schools have all kids take home ec at one time or another.  That’s good, but myself, I think it would be excellent for both boys and girls to take both home ec and a class in basic car and home repairs.  You know, how to check the oil in your car, how to check circuit breakers.  Basic stuff.

But I digress.  I meant to regress.  Back to high school and my home ec teacher who told us to watch for signs of botulism in canned food.  One of those signs was bulging cans.

Do you think this qualifies?

picture of bulging can

Botulism or not botulism, that is the question!

Botulism from commercially canned foods is actually pretty rare in the U.S. these days.  Typically, commercially canned foods are heated long enough and to high enough temperatures to kill the spores that otherwise can grow and produce the toxin. However!  If for some reason the canned foods are under-processed or the cans are defective, the bacteria can thrive in the oxygen-poor environment inside the sealed containers.

It’s more common for botulism to be associated with home canned goods, and usually because they were under-processed and didn’t kill off all the spores.

Now this quote I read during my research made me pause:

Botulinum toxin is extremely potent. Even opening a contaminated can may expose consumers to the toxin if it is inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the eye or breaks in the skin, health officials said.

And there I am, up close and personal taking a picture of this bulging can… hope I didn’t breathe deep if there were any bugs there!

Some of the symptoms of botulism are:

  • double or blurred vision,
  • drooping eyelids,
  • slurred speech,
  • difficulty swallowing,
  • dry mouth and muscle weakness that moves down the body.

The paralysis can become so bad it causes a person to stop breathing and die, unless supported by a ventilator. Botulism is fatal in about 8 percent of cases.  However, most victims eventually recover after weeks to months of care.

And just think how many people are getting injections of a version of this stuff for wrinkles!  Yeah, I know, Botox is actually type A botulinum toxin and at first if was just used for spasms and stuff where it helped to paralyze the muscles.  But then people noticed that paralyzing muscles locally could also reduce the signs of wrinkles and produce overall smoother skin, and Botox quickly became a popular treatment for wrinkles and a mega-lucrative industry was born.

I think I’d rather have wrinkles.

But back to the bulging can of tomato paste.  So how’d it get that way?  Well, this particular can had been sitting on a shelf in our basement for a very long time.  I rarely go down there to look for canned food to use for meals these days, so it was sort of forgotten.

I don’t think we’ll eat it now.

Thursday’s Thoughts: Farm Animal Welfare

If you want a hot issue to debate, farm animal welfare qualifies.  The rhetoric is heated on both sides of the debate, and even within the opposing sides there is disagreement about what’s right.

What “sides” am I talking about?  The biggest talkers on this issue are agribusiness on one side, and the Humane Society of United States on the other.  But there are a lot of other people and organizations with a stake in the debate one way or another.  As a matter of fact, I would say everyone in America has a stake in this, whether they realize it or not.  What happens is going to impact what kind of food is available, and how much it’s going to cost.

And everyone eats.

The gist of the problem is the HSUS says farmers are not treating their livestock humanely.  To change this, they have already helped push through legislation in California that sets a deadline for all eggs produced in the state to be produced in a cage free environment.  Considering California has the 5th largest egg-laying industry in the United States, that’s a victory indeed for the HSUS.

According to a report out of the University of California’s Agricultural Issues Center, however, production of eggs in cage-free systems will cost 30 to 40% more than it did with the present caged systems.  Some of the reasons given are because of higher feed costs, higher hen mortality, higher direct housing costs, and higher labor costs per dozen eggs.

I understand the increased cost for housing and labor to care for chickens in a cage free environment.  If you can’t stack the cages on top of each other, it means you’re going to need more space.  But I scratched my head a little on the first two.  Why does it cost more to feed hens that are not caged?  That doesn’t make sense to me.  Well, I guess they’d be getting some actual exercise, so maybe burning more calories.

But why would there be a higher mortality rate?  It seems to me there should be a lower rate, UNLESS they cram so many hens into a small space that they are essentially creating a feed lot with hens.

And that’s the rub.   You can’t put the same number of chickens that used to be in cages in the same space to run loose and expect them not to fight, peck at each other, and stay disease free.  They’ve got to have some space!

All this means that eggs will be more expensive to buy.  It also means that states without the restrictive legislation can produce more eggs and ship them profitably to states with the stricter guidelines.  And that means using more gas to ship eggs to other parts of the country.  It’s a tangled web of consequences, no matter how you look at it.

Of course egg-laying chickens are just one battle.  The HSUS sees problems with the cattle industry, pork production and so on.  They say the animals need to be treated by their definitions of humane, and they’ve got the dollars to lobby and see things are done their way.

Having won their battle in California, they moved on to Ohio, the second largest egg producing state in the country, to do the same thing.  Voters didn’t go along with their agenda at elections last year, and instead passed an amendment that resulted in the creation of the Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board to create rules for the care of farm animals.  There is a diverse group of people on this board, with farmers, veterinarians, educators, researchers, the head of a food bank, and the president of the Society for Prevention of Cruelty of Animals of Cincinnati.

However, HSUS doesn’t feel like this board can do the job, and continues to push their own agenda.

The thing is, right or wrong, the HSUS has the big budget to do what they want.  People continue to send money to them, thinking they are helping homeless dogs and cats.  But the accounting estimates vary from less than half of 1% to 4% of money sent to HSUS going to shelters.  That would mean at the most generous estimate, for every $10 sent to the HSUS, only 40 cents actually goes to pet shelters.  That leaves $9.60 out of every $10 sent for the HSUS to use for salaries, and yes, lobbying.

That’s a lot of money when you consider in 2007, the HSUS had a budget of $120 million.  That would mean $4,800,000 for pet shelters all over the United States.  And according to a presentation in 2009 by the executive VP of the HSUS, there are about 3,500 shelters in the United States.  That would be a mere $1371.42 per year for each shelter…  and $115,200,000.00 for everything else, including lobbying.

People need to be more aware of a lot of things.  Even if the above figures are not exact, they’re close enough they need to have a better idea of how the money they send to the HSUS is being used and if they don’t agree with the HSUS policies, donate directly to local shelters instead.

But they also need to have a better idea of how their food is produced.  I don’t agree with what the HSUS is doing, because I think it’s deceptive that most people believe they are donating money to take care of homeless animals, and it’s going to lobbying and other things instead.

However, for the most part, I’m not a fan of agribusiness either.  The HSUS has some valid points, because in many cases, animals are NOT being treated humanely.  There is certainly a case for wondering how humane it is to keep chickens in tiny cages and the practices entailed in mass production of not only chickens, but many other food producing animals.

People also need to be more aware of the true value of food.  Here in America we want the best available, but we want it cheap.  We want high wages and low prices in the grocery stores.  We want the farmers to make a living, but if we can’t buy food cheap, well, let the government subsidize the farmers.  (Never mind where the government gets the money!)

And consumers need to be aware there is another way.

There are producers out there changing over to sustainable farming systems that minimize damage to the environment, produce food in a humane way, and frankly, produce a superior product.  But until we are willing to pay higher costs for foods, realizing that the cheap food has hidden costs, agribusiness will go on with business as usual.

To quote Michael Pollan, author of The Omnivore’s Dilemma:

“Cheap industrial food . . . only seems cheap, because the real costs are charged to the environment (in the form of water and air pollution and depletion of the soil); to the public purse (in the form of subsidies to conventional commodity producers); and to the public health (in the cost of diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease), not to mention to the welfare of the farm- and food-factory workers and the well-being of the animals.”

Grass-fed beef, pastured poultry, crops raised without huge amounts of pesticides… it can be done.  And given the incentive, farmers on the biggest farms would find ways to change how they produce food if the consumer demanded it and were willing to pay for it.

But first the consumer has to understand how their food is being produced, how it impacts the environment, the animals, and the quality of the food they eat, and in the end, their own health, so that they are willing to see the true value of the food they eat.

Farm animal welfare is just the tip of a very large iceberg of complex issues.

Mainstream moves to Organic, while Organic moves to Mainstream…

Back in my younger years, and NO, contrary to what my kids may think, that was NOT in the Stone Age… I was a bit of hippie. Fast food, chemical farming and an urban lifestyle were much more popular than the counterculture of organic farming and alternative energy that interested me. I read magazines like “Mother Earth News” and “Organic Gardening & Farming” and anything else I could find about leading a healthier, sustainable lifestyle back before it became somewhat of a fad.

And I bought all kinds of books put out by Rodale Press, such as:
* The Rodale Herb Book
* Organic Plant Protection
* Stocking Up
* The Rodale Cookbook
* The Good Goodies
* Naturally Delicious Desserts and Snacks
… and many others.

At that time, Rodale was the leader in organic farming. I knew what to expect when I bought a book from them. No chemicals. Whole foods.

Then came the years where we moved from place to place, and I had nowhere to garden, and eventually slipped into a more mainstream type of eating, with convenience foods and other highly processed psuedo-food.

After being back on a farm for 10 years, and gradually getting back into that healthier lifestyle, I renewed my interest in books on a sustainable, healthier way of life.

Since I collect cookbooks, I naturally wanted some with recipes for the kind of meals I’m trying to fix these days. Health problems dictated an even more stringent approach, and I’ve discovered that good diabetic cookbooks and those for the G.I. diet have a lot of what I’m looking for. Imagine how excited I was when I got a flyer in the mail from my long lost supplier of great books – Rodale Press – advertising a new book on G.I. Cooking! “Aha!” says I, “Here’s where I’ll get a really great cookbook with recipes using fresh-from-the-farm ingredients like grass-fed beef, fresh cheeses, local produce and other goodies!”

When it finally came in the mail, I eagerly tore open the package and started reading through the introductory stuff and checking out the recipes. To say it wasn’t what I expected is a gross understatement. I thought maybe I was missing something, so I went through it a couple more times, paying closer attention to recipe ingredients.

Here’s a sample of what I found:
* a suggested snack of 1 oz. potato chips and 4 ounces juice,
* suggested use of reduced-fat margarine spread,
* commercial frozen dinners included in the suggested diet plans, and
* frequent use of brown sugar and white sugar.

The point is, it didn’t look any different from a cookbook I could pick up anywhere. That was most definitely NOT what I wanted or expected.

What happened?

These days I can go to Publix, a major chain grocery store, and buy a huge variety of fresh, canned, boxed and frozen organic foods. I won’t debate the misuse of the word “organic” here, but the point is that the mainstream is moving towards healthier foods.

And what used to be the counterculture, back-to-the-earth, good foods and farming people – well some of them seem to be moving towards the mainstream. I don’t know if they’re trying to reach a broader audience and increase sales or what the idea is, but I miss being able to order a book from someplace like Rodale Press, and know it won’t look like every other book out there, but stick to that sustainable type of lifestyle J.I. Rodale promoted.

Maybe this was a fluke, but I’ll be a little leery of buying from that source again.

So what did I do with this not-what-I-was-looking-for cookbook? I did something I very rarely do, considering how much I love books of all kinds, and being a collector of cookbooks in particular, because I can usually find some merit in a book and figure it’s worth keeping, especially considering you have to pay postage to return a book. Well, this one was NOT worth it.

I sent it back.

This little Piggly Wiggly is a market…

Mother Hubbard’s cupboard is bare. The pantry, fridge and freezer are showing a lot of empty spaces as we are running low on a lot of items. However, some hit the critical phase this morning.

* No flour for making bread, therefore,

* No homemade bread, and no store bought either.

* No eggs for breakfast or baking. (And boy! I can’t wait for farm fresh eggs again. Those pale yolks in store bought eggs are past pathetic.)

* No toilet paper for… well, you know. For putting in the bathroom, right!?

Both The Farmer and Young Son are working today, so I had to drive myself to the store. To most people, that’s not such a big deal, but driving aggravates my pain, so I don’t do it very often.

That being the case, I opted for the closest store, which is – you guessed it! Piggly Wiggly.

I’d never heard of Piggly Wiggly until we moved to the south. The name still makes me laugh, but it’s a convenient 3 miles away, so to paraphrase the nursery rhyme a little …

To market, to market, to buy at Piggly Wiggly;
Home again, home again, a fast jiggety-jiggly.

Is that chicken, just chicken?

Because of some health issues (fibromyalgia for one), I’ve recently been working on my diet. I’m trying to eat more “natural” foods, as close to ‘off the farm’ as possible. It’s made me check food labels even more carefully. Sometimes the ingredients are kind of what I figured, and other times what I read on labels comes as a complete surprise.

Case in point… chicken. I was looking at labels on packages of frozen chicken breasts, figuring it’d say chicken. Period.

WRONG!

I discovered the chicken is injected with broth. I looked at lesser known brands first, then I checked out Tyson. Didn’t matter. Both were injected with up to 15% broth/salt water. And getting fresh chicken instead of frozen doesn’t help. It’s injected with the broth solution also.

When I looked on the web to see if I could find out exactly what is in the broth, I never did get an exact list of ingredients, but I did find out a whole lot of other stuff.

It seems Tyson says their company injects broth in chicken because “customers like it.” It supposedly makes the chicken more tender.

But here’s the thing. Tyson sells chicken to Walmart. Walmart wanted packages of chicken to be even weights, like their 3-pound bags of frozen chicken breasts. Well, guess what? Chickens don’t all produce the exact same weight breasts, so either the chicken company has to put in extra chicken to ensure there is at least 3 pounds, and lose money because there’s some “free” chicken in there… or they inject a lesser amount of chicken with broth until it weighs an even 3 pounds.

Okay, if they want to inject the chicken with broth, and it’s labeled they have, that’s their choice. The problem is the USDA allows them to label this broth-injected chicken as “100% all natural chicken.” What???

Some chicken companies quit selling to Walmart when it insisted on even weight packages because they wished to keep their “natural” label and couldn’t afford to lose money by putting extra chicken in the package. Naturally, they’re upset that the USDA now allows the natural label to be put on broth-injected chicken.

These companies lose out because a) they lost their market with Walmart, and b) now they lose the uniqueness of their labeled chicken, because other companies can use the label even though their product is not chicken, just chicken.

The consumer loses out on this deal because a) they are paying the same price for the broth in the chicken as they pay for the chicken itself, b) there is an increased amount of sodium in the chicken which most if not all consumers positively do NOT need, and c) where do you find just chicken, plain chicken????

What a rip-off!